The head louse is a whitish to grey-brown coloured tiny, wingless parasitic insect. When first hatched these are smaller than the size of pin-head and grow up to the size of sesame seed when full grown. They live among human hair and thought they are not dangerous, they thrive sucking small amounts of blood from the head scalp.
[manage_adv width=”600″ height=”280″ type=”mix”]
Spotting a live louse or nymph (a young louse) is often the only sign of an infestation. Seeing nits alone doesn’t confirm an infestation. In many children, head lice don’t cause any discomfort. When symptoms do happen, the most common problem is itching that may start weeks or even months after the lice move in.
This problem is very common in kids. The main reason of having head louse is contact with an infected person. They do not have wings and are unable to jump or swim on their own. They spread by head to head contact and pass on from an infected person to a healthy one. This makes them contagious. Their bites cause itching which makes them irritating and sometimes, it becomes difficult to get rid of them. This problem can occur in everyone irrespective of the length and type of hair. They do not occur in animals and hence cannot be transferred from them. An infestation of head lice is called aspediculosis capitis, the second most common problem in children after common cold.
We know that head lice can sometimes, become difficult to get rid of. Let’s see how we can prevent them before they prey our scalps.
- It is beneficial to incorporate good habits especially in children. To reduce any chances of getting infected, teach your children and practice yourself a habit of not sharing items that touches the head. Try to avoid sharing combs, brushes, towels, headsets and other hair accessories.
- Never get head to head contact. Try to avoid touching your head with someone else’s as much as possible. We find children getting to close while playing with their friends. Teach them to keep distance while enjoying with their friends. Adults who, due to their profession or simply while parenting, should follow the same principle.
- Shared spaces can be a lice farm! They can be found very easily in hostels. Using common closets, drawers, clothes or clothes hooks can pass the problem from one person to another very easily.
- Ladies infected from head lice should keep their hair tied, pony tailed or made into buns to avoid their spillage in the surroundings.
- Regular check-ups can contain the problem and rescue other people in the surroundings. A common test to check the presence of head lice is to lather the hair using some conditioner and then brushing thoroughly with a thin-toothed comb. Inspection for head lice can be done visually under direct sunlight.
- Spread awareness about the basic good and cleanliness habits one should practice and he preventive measures needed to contain head lice in the community.
Is contact with an infected person the only cause of head lice? Let’s find out. Continue reading “Head Lice – Prevention, Cause and Cure”
What is Dandruff?
This problem faced by almost half of mankind at the post-puberty age is independent of age and ethnicity. These are white flakes of skin that brush off our collars or shoulders. Basically, it is harmless but it can cause itching and harm hair growth and health. This chronic condition is caused when the cycle of skin renewal is very fast.
As goes the saying, prevention is better than cure. Let’s first go through some of the hair habits that would keep dandruff away and hence rescue us from fighting it.
- Have a healthy and balanced diet. It has been discovered that a healthy diet keeps the flakes away. Have plenty of Omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, E and B-vitamins. Refrain from having excessive yeast and sugar. The dandruff causing fungus thrives in yeast, fatty and sugary surroundings.
It’s true that it doesn’t necessarily affect the reason; your overall health defines how your body will react to the dandruff causing fungus.
- Keep stress away. Stress challenges and encourages ailments, including dandruff, in the body. So just relax and take a deep breath. Your worries will only make things worse.
- Hair styling products. In some people Hairspray, gel and mousse are found to contribute to dandruff. They can also cause too much drying of the skin, and can cause flaking – or trigger reactions allergic in nature. You know that you are using a faulty product when you start having dandruff as soon as using it. However, exceptions are using a spray formulated with tea tree oil or therapeutic styling gel.
Continue reading “Dandruff – Prevention, Cause and Cure”
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the skin, technically called the dermis. Hair, as we all know, is one of the defining characteristics of mammals. In humans it is a symbol of good health and well-being and also acts as a attractiveness quotient for many. Attitudes towards hair, such as hairstyles and hair removal, vary widely across the globe and historical periods. It is also used to indicate a person’s personal beliefs or social position, their age, gender or religion. Needless to say, it is an attribute of our body dear to everyone. Hence, it deems fit to take its proper care.
The medical term for hair loss is alopecia. It is true that men are more likely to lose their hair than women, the main reason being male pattern baldness. However, according to Statistic Brain Research Institute about 56 million people in the United States alone including men and women are experiencing hair-loss and baldness. Reasons can range from the simple and temporary— a vitamin deficiency —to the more complex, likes an underlying health condition. In several cases, there are different ways in which male and female hair loss can be treated. The treatment depends on the cause.
- Most hair loss is not associated with systemic or inner disease. Similarly poor diet is seldom responsible. Hair may become thinner because of genetic factors and the overall aging process. People in their 30s and 40s are found to notice mild thinning of hair.
- Change in lifestyle or illness, emotional trauma, protein deprivation (during strict dieting), and hormonal changes like those in pregnancy, puberty, and menopause may cause a reversible hair loss.
[manage_adv width=”600″ height=”280″ type=”mix”]
- Several health conditions, including thyroid disease and anemia (disease due to iron deficiency), can cause hair loss. Blood tests like thyroid blood test and other lab tests, including a complete blood count (CBC), on people who have ordinary hair loss are usually normal, it is necessary not to include underlying causes in sudden or severe hair loss. Such simple diagnosis can be done by a family physician.
- Dermatologists are doctors who specialize in skin, hair and nail problems can provide more advanced diagnosis and treatment of degrading hair health. A scalp biopsy can be prescribed to help in diagnosis of severe or unexplained hair loss.
- Although many medications list “hair loss” among their potential side effects, it is found that most drugs do not usually induce hair loss. However, treatments given for cancer like chemotherapy and immunosuppressive therapy commonly produce hair loss.
Now that we know some of the widely effective causes, let’s see what can be done to prevent/repair hair health. Continue reading “Hair: Health and Care”