Breast cancer starts developing from the milk ducts that can spread in other body parts. Females are the primary ones that are affected with breast cancer although there are cases seen where men are affected too. This is the most common cancer in women.
Women from developed countries have a higher incidence than their counterparts in the developing nations of the world. Food and lifestyle habits are two contributory factors for this type of cancer.
There are two types of breast cancer:
- Invasive breast cancer – Invasive breast cancer occurs when the cancer cell leaks from its original duct and invades a near tissue. Abnormal cells with this cancer type can metastasize in the lymph nodes and other organs like lungs and the liver. The cancer cell can also pass in the bloodstream and the lymphatic system.
- Non- invasive breast cancer Non- invasive breast cancer remains on the inside of its original lobule or duct. This type of cell is also called pre- cancerous because they can develop to be invasive breast cancer even if it is still in its place and intact.
The very first symptom a woman can detect breast cancer is a lump in a part of the breast, however majority of these lumps are not malignant. All women should visit their ob-gynecologist for check- ups or assess it by themselves through self breast examination.
Other symptoms include:
- Pain located near or in the armpits
- Redness of the breasts’ skin
- Nipple rashes
- Thick breast tissues
- Changes of the breast shape and size
- Lumps in one of the armpits
- Flaking, peeling, or flaking of the skin in the nipple or the breast and
- Discharge in the nipple that can sometimes contain blood.
The cause of breast cancer is still unknown to doctors; it is hard for them to tell how the patient developed the disease from a variety of patients. But there are certain risk factors that have been found to be causing breast cancer:
- Genetics- women who are older than 50 have found to be at greater risk so they need to have yearly check- ups
- Excess alcohol consumption
- Exposure to radiation
- Patients who had a hormone replacement therapy or the HRT and
- Exposure to estrogen.
- Breast exam, physicians will look for lumps in the breast;
- Mammogram, is the most common diagnostic exam for suspected patients;
- Breast Ultrasound is also used to find abnormal lumps;
- Biopsy, to check the breast tissue if it is malignant or not; and
- Breast MRI or magnetic resonance imaging.
It can be treated with the four main therapies for cancer in general, radiation therapy, surgery, hormonal therapy, or chemotherapy. However, these diseases have adverse reactions that are detrimental in one’s health. Nausea and vomiting are found to be the number one side effect of these treatments.
Instead of drinking anti-emetics, one can use herbal remedies that can be found in the market. These herbal remedies have found to be effective in reducing the tumor in size, and inhibit its growth. It also has fewer side effects usually none, than the drugs used in cancer treatments.
- Curcumin – an herbal remedy for breast cancer can protect one from developing hormone related tumors and aid in reducing risk for women who are undergoing hormonal replacements.
- Green Tea and Resveratrol – can also be used to fight cancer because it can slow down tumor growth as well as Resveratrol that can be found in the grapes’ skin. It is effective in preventing the progression of breast cancer in early stages. They are also made natural so it is not that hazardous to health than the pharmaceutical drugs available in the market.