Daily Archives: April 19, 2015

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Leukemia- What is it?

Leukemia is a type of cancer that starts in the body’s soft tissues and bone marrows. Blood cells are particularly made in the bone marrow. Bone marrows are the ones that make the three blood components such as the RBC, WBC, and Platelets. RBC or the red blood cell carries the oxygen systemically, oxygen is important in the blood circulation- it is one component that needs by the cells inorder to live. The white blood cells are the soldiers of the body, and help it to fight infection and protect it from harmful antigens that enter it. Platelets help in healing wounds by blood clotting.

If a patient has leukemia, the bone marrow makes a lot of abnormal leukocytes or abnormal white blood cells that grows faster and never stops from growing. In time, these leukemia cells crowds out the normal cells of the blood thus leading to serious complications such as bleeding, anemia, and infection. These leukemia cells can also metastasize in the lymph nodes and other parts of the body causing pain and edema or swelling.

There are 4 types of leukemia:

  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia,
  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia,
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, and
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, and the new type Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia have been found to be mainly in children; but the most common Leukemia in children is the one called Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia is common in adults. However, there are leukemias that are less common like the Hairy Cell Leukemia.

Causes

  • Exposure to radiation in large quantity,
  • Exposure to chemicals like benzene, smoke, exposure to chemotherapeutic agents, and
  • Genetic problems such as Down’s syndrome.

Symptoms

Causes Symptoms and Treatment for Leukemia

  • Fever
  • Joint pain
  • Easy bleeding
  • Headache
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling lymph nodes in the armpit, neck, and groin
  • Other forms of infection;
  • Body weakness
  • Enlarged spleen

Diagnosis

  • Checking for lymph nodes and spleen enlargement through physical examination,
  • And other blood test like complete blood count as Leukemia is caused by problem in the WBC, so it is increased in the findings of WBC. Like any cancer

Treatment

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The Deadliest Cancer of All

The scariest type of cancer is probably Brain Cancer because it affects one of the most important parts of the human body. Brain Cancer starts with tumor growth that can either be malignant or benign. Brain cancers are rare but are very deadly.

The benign type of brain tumors can be further divided into:

  • Chordomas starts out in the spine as embryonic cells;
  • Osteomas starts in the skull; schwannomas that covers around cells in the nerves; pinealomas in the pineal gland;
  • Pituitary adenomas in the pituitary gland;
  • Menangiomas that starts in the membrane that covers brain; and
  • Hemangioblastomas that starts in blood vessels.
  • Gliomas are the most common malignant brain cells, and the most common Glioblastoma is Glioblastoma multiforme.
  • Oligodendroglioma is also another form of glioma that is quite rare and is often seen in adults.
  • Medullablastoma starts from the growth in the medulla at the brain’s base.
  • And lastly, adenocarcinoma and sarcoma that are the most uncommon type of tumors in the brain.

Risk Factors

  • Brain cancer is caused by several factors but the main cause is yet to be known
  • Brain cancer can metastasize and can destroy other parts of the brain, the lungs, breasts, skin, and in the blood.
  • Exposure to chemical substances like vinyl chloride;
  • Radiation exposure of the head

Symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Vision changes
  • Seizures
  • Problems in coordination
  • Confusion
  • Mood changes
  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Problems in the memory.
  • Headaches can also be a symptom of brain cancer but most headaches are often due to conditions that are less serious like migraines.

Diagnosis

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Understanding Acne, Its Primary Causes and Herbal Ways to Treat It

Acne is a common skin disease that mostly occurs during adolescence and often goes on till the early adulthood. The skin with acne gets scaly red with whiteheads and blackheads, pimples, pinheads, nodules and even scars. This disease attacks skin with the densest of sebaceous follicles, which usually covers the face, upper cheat area and body back. Acne can be inflammatory or non-inflammatory, depending on its severity.

Mostly in adolescence when testosterone levels increase, acne pops up. But, it reduces over time and disappears in adults. If acne involves large nodules, it’s called cystic acne that may even appear on hips, groin and armpits where sweat generally gets collected. The impact of cystic acne is major and can cause the loss of self-esteem, anxiety and depression in a person. Thus, it requires an early treatment to reduce its long-term bad effects.

What Causes Acne

Acne is mostly caused due to the blockage of hair follicles in the skin. Sebaceous glands that are attached to these follicles produce an oily substance called sebum, which if in excess, mixes with dead cells of the skin and forms a plug in the follicle. Such blocked follicles can then cause a range of problems that include whiteheads, blackheads and cysts.

Acne can further be triggered due to increased testosterone levels during puberty, drugs containing androgens and corticosteroids, intake of more dairy products and foods rich in carbohydrates, overexposure to sun, and increased stress. In women, acne can also be a result of some conditions, such as periods, pregnancy, and polycystic ovary syndrome.

Symptoms of Acne

There are several indicators or symptoms of acne that include the development of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, papules (raised bumps in reddened skin areas), and nodules. Additionally, the skin might get flushed and thick. The swelling on the skin may also get inflamed and filled with pus. Acne is quite common these days and usually develops on the face, shoulders, chest or upper back.

Herbal Remedies to Treat Acne

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Get to know About Breast Cancer

Breast cancer starts developing from the milk ducts that can spread in other body parts. Females are the primary ones that are affected with breast cancer although there are cases seen where men are affected too. This is the most common cancer in women.

Women from developed countries have a higher incidence than their counterparts in the developing nations of the world. Food and lifestyle habits are two contributory factors for this type of cancer.

There are two types of breast cancer:

  • Invasive breast cancer – Invasive breast cancer occurs when the cancer cell leaks from its original duct and invades a near tissue. Abnormal cells with this cancer type can metastasize in the lymph nodes and other organs like lungs and the liver. The cancer cell can also pass in the bloodstream and the lymphatic system.
  • Non- invasive breast cancer Non- invasive breast cancer remains on the inside of its original lobule or duct. This type of cell is also called pre- cancerous because they can develop to be invasive breast cancer even if it is still in its place and intact.

Symptoms

Breast Cancer

The very first symptom a woman can detect breast cancer is a lump in a part of the breast, however majority of these lumps are not malignant. All women should visit their ob-gynecologist for check- ups or assess it by themselves through self breast examination.

Other symptoms include:

  • Pain located near or in the armpits
  • Redness of the breasts’ skin
  • Nipple rashes
  • Thick breast tissues
  • Changes of the breast shape and size
  • Lumps in one of the armpits
  • Flaking, peeling, or flaking of the skin in the nipple or the breast and
  • Discharge in the nipple that can sometimes contain blood.

Cause

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